Could you be one of the 47.2 percent of American adults age 30 years and older with some form of gum, or periodontal, disease? The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reports that gum disease is more common in men than women, and if you’re 65 or older, your chances increase to over 70 percent.
The main culprit behind gum disease is the bacteria found in the sticky film, or plaque, that accumulates between your teeth and gums. Excessive plaque can build up and harden, forming tartar.
If left unattended, the tissue that supports your teeth becomes inflamed and infected. As the inflammation progresses, mouth tissue and bone can be severely damaged, leaving your teeth unsupported and often loose — or even lost. It’s important to seek dental treatment at the first sign of gum infection to ensure the healthy life of your teeth and the surrounding bone structure.
What are the early symptoms of gum disease?
Although some people don’t show signs of early-stage gum disease until it progresses to a serious condition called periodontitis, there are usually common warning signs:
- Bleeding while brushing, flossing, or chewing hard food
- Swollen, red, or tender gums or mouth sores
- Receding gums that are pulling away from your tooth surface
- Pain or sensitivity while chewing
- Frequent bad breath or a bad taste in your mouth
- Loose teeth
How does gum disease affect my overall health?
Medical research indicates that there is a strong connection between gum disease and other chronic diseases and health conditions. It is believed that inflammation in the mouth is directly linked to the inflammation behind heart disease, stroke, cancer, and diabetes.
Gum disease increases the risk of heart disease, and it also may worsen existing heart conditions. It raises the blood sugar in diabetics, putting them at greater risk for complications. Studies have found that men with gum disease are 54 percent more likely to develop pancreatic cancer, 49 percent more likely to develop kidney cancer, and 30 percent more likely to develop blood cancers. Gum disease is also linked to respiratory disease: the bacteria in the mouth can be drawn into the lungs and cause pneumonia.
Can I prevent gum disease with care and treatment?
Yes! The most important thing you can do to safeguard the health of your teeth and mouth is to remove plaque before it has a chance to harden into tartar. Your dentist and hygienist can help you reverse gingivitis with a deep cleaning method called scaling and root planning, but there are many steps you can take at home to prevent gum disease and maintain the health of your mouth after a professional cleaning:
- Brush after each meal and every snack with a fluoride toothpaste.
- Floss every day to remove the food and plaque between your teeth that your toothbrush misses.
- Use a plaque-fighting mouthwash.
- Lower stress. It’s a known risk factor for gum disease.
- Quit smoking. Tobacco use is strongly associated with the development and progression of gum disease.
The best insurance against gum disease is to schedule an appointment with your dentist once or twice a year for regular check-ups and thorough cleanings.
Dr. Medina is a Doctor of Dental Surgery (DDS). Advanced General Dentistry, with a practice in Las Vegas Nevada since 1988. He offers general and family dentistry, with a specialization in cosmetic and restorative dental services.